This post was revised and expanded several times and became overcomplicated, but still its point is clear: world history and its macroevolutionary process show a kind of guided ‘evolution’ and this involves even low level detail: artforms, down to the meters of poetry, are influenced by this process.
That shows Darwinian ideas applied as random evolution (in deep time or civilization) are completely off the mark.
The question of the tragic genre is difficult: in fact no one has ever been able to define it, except maybe the charming attempt by Chaucer (Aristotle in the background): Tragedie is to seyn a ceTrt…
Source: Is the tragic genre dead? and classical music? – 1848+: The End(s) of History
Tolstoy’s unreasonable criticism might as well be leveled at War and Peace as a glorified soap opera: shakespeare at least was able to resuscitate the tragic drama, the long lost genre unseen since the Greeks. His crudities are almost eloquent…the undoubted class basis in his plays is itself misleading: his kings are torn to pieces and it is no accident he precedes the democratic age: after shakespeare’s ‘blank verse guillotine’ the mystique of kingship was in ‘tragic finale mode’..(one of the mysteries of world history is the rarity of the tragic genre, and its appearance in two eonic transitions…)
Source: [Marxism] Review of Harold Bloom, “Macbeth: A Dagger of the Mind”