Missing Link of Jewish European Ancestry: Contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian Hypotheses | Genome Biology and Evolution | Oxford Academic

AbstractThe question of Jewish ancestry has been the subject of controversy for over two centuries and has yet to be resolved. The “Rhineland hypothesis” depicts Eastern European Jews as a “population isolate” that emerged from a small group of German Jews who migrated eastward and expanded rapidly. Alternatively, the “Khazarian hypothesis” suggests that Eastern European Jews descended from the Khazars, an amalgam of Turkic clans that settled the Caucasus in the early centuries CE and converted to Judaism in the 8th century. Mesopotamian and Greco–Roman Jews continuously reinforced the Judaized empire until the 13th century. Following the collapse of their empire, the Judeo–Khazars fled to Eastern Europe. The rise of European Jewry is therefore explained by the contribution of the Judeo–Khazars. Thus far, however, the Khazars’ contribution has been estimated only empirically, as the absence of genome-wide data from Caucasus populations precluded testing the Khazarian hypothesis. Recent sequencing of modern Caucasus populations prompted us to revisit the Khazarian hypothesis and compare it with the Rhineland hypothesis. We applied a wide range of population genetic analyses to compare these two hypotheses. Our findings support the Khazarian hypothesis and portray the European Jewish genome as a mosaic of Near Eastern-Caucasus, European, and Semitic ancestries, thereby consolidating previous contradictory reports of Jewish ancestry. We further describe a major difference among Caucasus populations explained by the early presence of Judeans in the Southern and Central Caucasus. Our results have important implications for the demographic forces that shaped the genetic diversity in the Caucasus and for medical studies.

Source: Missing Link of Jewish European Ancestry: Contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian Hypotheses | Genome Biology and Evolution | Oxford Academic

Crackpot or bullseye…/???//DNA Science and the Jewish Bloodline: Texe Marrs: 9781930004818: Amazon.com: Books

This book is a confusing combination of several things and comes off at first as crackpot. In reality, it is a useful expose of the Khazarian genetics behind the Ashkenazi ‘Jewish’ culture along with an excessive yet interesting old-fashioned Christian regurgitation of the Pauline stance on the question of Jews and Judaism in his time at the dawn of Christianity, the hopeless tragedy unfolding of a botched world religion turning into a total mess. Read with caution, but the issue of the Khazarian (the medieval kingdom in the Caucasus that converted to Judaism in the medieval period, then driven into Eastern Europe, the source of ‘Yiddish’, not a Semitic language) scandal/coverup of the reality of the actual genetic legacy of mostly
‘Khazarian’ Israel and the non-existence of any real ‘Jews’ in the Abraham line (Abraham wasn’t actually Jewish????) except, brace yourself, the Palestinians.